August 23, 2017

Stimulant Medical Aspects

[frame align=”right”]Stimulant Medical Aspects[/frame]When it comes to stimulant medicine, there are array of different topics and fields one can research. Stimulants are prescribed to help a number individuals diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Narcolepsy, Schizophrenia as well as depression. Even though stimulants help these individuals function normally on a day-to-day basis, there is one fact, which is dangerous. There is a high risk of addiction as well as abuse when it comes to using prescribed stimulants. In order to keep the number of addicts and abusers down for stimulants, it is important to understand all aspects of a prescribed stimulant.

Types of Stimulants

Some types of stimulants are amphetamines, dextroamphetamine, methamphetamine, and methylphenidate. Both amphetamines and dextroamphetamine have effects that are similar to those of cocaine. Methamphetamine is a very addictive stimulant, which is also part of the family of amphetamines. Meanwhile, methylphenidate is a drug that stimulates the central nervous system and is not as potent as amphetamines but is more potent than caffeine.

Effects of Stimulants

Stimulants have a paradox of effects depending upon the system into which they are introduced and the manner of that introduction. Smoking the vapors of cocaine or methamphetamine, for instance, delivers a much stronger dose directly to the brain more quickly than nasal ingestion (snorting). Both manners of ingestion can both increase anxiety or decrease anxiety.9

For the average person, or an individual who may suffer from depression or other issues, who self-medicates with the use of stimulants, the prospect of becoming seriously addicted or permanently damaging several body systems is greatly increased. It is impossible to know how much of a stimulant drug is too much for any given person (body weight has very little to do with the dosage according to some studies), self-medicating with stimulants is a risky proposition that can lead to myriad problems in the short and long term.

The Best Case Scenario

In a recent study of emergency room patients presenting with stimulant-induced symptoms found that the majority of patients suffered from cardiopulmonary issues (chest pains and heart palpitations). These patients also experienced a wide range of psychiatric complaints that included altered mental states and suicidal ideation. On the physical side of the coin, the most common problems were seizures and delirium.

Best-case scenario, as most of the drug users in this study were treated with observation and supportive care. They had to allow the stimulants to “run their course” and metabolize out of their bodies. There was nothing medically that could be done, since these were not overdoses.

The Worst Case Scenario

In the same study mentioned above, only 555 patients evaluated. Of that number, four individuals died because of their abuse of stimulants. In other instances, individuals have suffered from myocardial infarction (heart attack), intracranial hemorrhage (brain bleed), ischemic stroke, infracted bowel, or pulmonary barotrauma. Pulmonary barotrauma is the condition experienced by S.C.U.B.A. divers who, when they do not ascend properly, develop “The Bends”, or Decompression Sickness. This condition can be fatal, as can all of the other stimulant effects listed here.

Stimulants, regardless of the kind of stimulant used or the manner through which an individual ingests the substance, are highly addictive. There is no way to judge whether an individual is more, or less, susceptible to chronic addition of one particular stimulant over another. The effects, or decrease in immediate effects, have more to do with the human body’s ability to develop a tolerance to the drug stimulant being used. The more an individual ingests, the more tolerance for the drug develops. The more tolerance the body has for the drug, the more stimulants will be needed to obtain that euphoric feeling. When this happens, the risk of a worst-case scenario greatly increases.