August 23, 2017

Stimulants Overview

[frame align=”left”]Stimulants[/frame]Stimulants are psychoactive drugs that increase the brain’s activity. Stimulants may elevate a person’s alertness, awareness, and mood – temporarily. Some stimulant drugs are legal and used quite widely, while others are illegal. However, all stimulant drugs can be addicting. The stimulants have a number of common traits, but each stimulant substance has its own unique mechanisms of action and its own unique properties.

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Effects of Stimulants

Stimulants can produce a number of different effects as they enhance the peripheral and central nervous system’s activity. Some of the most common effects of stimulants include increased heart rate, locomotion, blood pressure, arousal, enhanced wakefulness, alertness, productivity, endurance, motivation, awareness, and a diminished perception of a person’s sleep or food requirements. Some other effects of certain stimulants are euphoric feelings, improved mood and relieved anxiety and heart failure.

Indications of Stimulants

Stimulants may be used for therapeutic purposes either clinically or on one’s own. Examples of stimulant indicators include:

  • Reducing sleepiness and keeping a person awake when he or she needs to be, including for the treatment of narcolepsy.
  • Promoting weight loss and decreasing ones appetite, such as for treating obesity.
  • Counteracting fatigue and lethargy while doing activities, working, or for school purposes.
  • Improving focus and concentration while at school or work, such as for people with attention disorders like ADD or ADHD.
  • Stimulants may also be used for treating clinical depression sometimes.

Types of Stimulants

Nicotine:

Nicotine is an active chemical constituent that is found in tobacco. It is used all over the world for its stimulating effects and can be found in cigars, cigarettes, and chewing tobacco, as well as in aids for smoking cessation, such as nicotine gum and nicotine patches.

Caffeine:

Caffeine is a mild form of stimulant compound. It is found naturally in tea and coffee and in cocoa or chocolate to a lesser extent. Caffeine is also often added to energy drinks in large amounts as well as to many soft drink products. Caffeine is certainly the most common stimulant used in the world and the most widely used psychoactive drug. For example, more than 85% of people in America consume caffeine in one form or another daily. Caffeine may also be included in some medications to help reduce a side effect of it, such as drowsiness, or to help enhance the effect of the drug’s primary ingredient. Tablets of pure caffeine are widely available, as well. There are very few places where the sale or use of caffeine is restricted.

Amphetamines:

Amphetamines are one group of phenylethylamine stimulants, which include methamphetamine and amphetamine. Amphetamines are typically used for therapeutic effects, which include euphoria and an elevated mood.

Cocaine:

Cocaine is made from the coca shrub’s leaves, and it may be used clinically as a local anesthetic. Most people who use cocaine use it recreationaly.